Fiano di Avellino "Bèchar"
Wine name:Fiano di Avellino "Bèchar"
Appellation:FIANO DI AVELLINO DOCG
Zone:Area within the Fiano di Avellino DOCG appellation, Comune of Lapio (Avellino)
Vineyard extension (hectares):4
Vineyard age (year of planting):
Soil Type:Calcarous, clayey
Exposure:South-West. Hilly area at 400 meters above sea level
Nose:Complex aroma of flowers, dried fruit and spices
Flavour:Rich, warm, soft, fresh, slightly sapid, intense and persistent
Serving temperature (°C):12
Match with:Seafood, shellfish, fresh cheese
Average no. bottles/year:35,000
Grape yield per hectare tons:5.5
Bechar is a locality in the Sahara desert where Antonio Caggiano carried out a photo reportage. Vine training system: cordon spur. Vineyard density: 3,000 vines/hectare
Vinification and ageing
Pressing of the clusters. Fermentation in stainless steel vessels at a low temperature (14-16 degrees Celsius). The wine matures in stainless steel on the lees for approximately two months. Finishing in the bottle for one month.
Address:Contrada Sala 83030 Taurasi AV
Year of establishment:1994
Total annual production:150000
Total vineyard extension (hectares):26
Planted varietals and extension (hectares):23ha Aglianico 3ha Fiano
Vine training system:
Cultivation method in the vineyard:the aisles (between the rows of vines) are tilled
Type of viticulture:integrated/sustainable
Harvest period:From the beginning of October, to the beginning of November
Oenologist:Giuseppe Caggiano with the support of Professor Luigi Moio
The estate was established in 1990 by Antonio Caggiano with the help of Professor Luigi Moio, who is one of the major experts on Aglianico. Antonio is also a professional and very talented photographer. Antonio used to have a building enterprise and he decided to build a cellar, in 1990, that was supposed to amaze. The cellar, which is hewn in rock and built underground, is really amazing and was completed in 1995. In the meantime vineyards from the finest crus were bought and plots of land were purchased and planted with selected clones of Aglianico.
The new part of the cellar with very modern equipment was designed by Pino and Lorella, both architects and son and daughter of Antonio, and was completed in 2008. Pino, who has a real passion for wine, is now at the helm with the support of Antonio. The estate could potentially produce one million bottles/year, but Antonio and Pino have chosen to keep production at 150,000-160,000 bottles/year.
The total vineyard extension is 26 hectares, 23 hectares of Aglianico and 3 hectares of Fiano. The vineyards of Aglianico are all in Contrada Sala. The zone of Contrada Sala is airy, the altitude is 350-450 meters above sea level. The exposure is south-west. The great Aglianico grape finds ideal conditions here. The Fiano vineyards are in Lapio. Vineyards of Greco (located in Tufo) and vineyards of Falanghina (in the area of Benevento) are contracted. Disease and pest control is carried out following a programme of the Campania region for the respect of the environment and for the care of vines. There still are a few prephylloxera vines. The age of the vines varies from 10-15-30-40 years. Over the years the hectares of vineyards were increased by carefully studying the characteristics of this zone.
The wines produced are: Taurasi DOCG “Vigna Macchia dei Goti”, Irpinia Campi Taurasini DOC “Salae Domini”, Irpinia Aglianico DOC “Tarì”, Fiano di Avellino DOCG “Béchar”, Greco di Tufo DOCG “Devon”, Irpinia Bianco DOC “Fiagre”, Campania Falanghina IGT, Passito VDT “Mel”.
“We are not interested in quantity, but in quality” Antonio Caggiano tells us. “Micro per macro. One must read how much work, suffering and love are in a glass of wine”.