Zone:Custoza (Sommacampagna, province of Verona)
Vineyard extension (hectares):22
Blend:40% Garganega 30% Fernanda 15% Trebbianello 15% Trebbiano
Vineyard age (year of planting):Fernanda 1911,2010 Garganega 1911,2011 Trebbianello 1910,2010 Trebbiano 1911,2010
Altitude:160 meters above sea level
Colour:Yellow with greenish reflections
Serving temperature (°C):10
Match with:As an aperitif, shellfish, fish dishes
Average no. bottles/year:65,000
The harvest is manual and the grapes are placed in boxes.The varieties are vinified separately as they ripen at different times (Trebbianello at the beginning of Septemeber, Fernanda in mid September, Trebbiano and Garganega at the beginning of October). The yield is approx. 65 hectolitres of wine/hectare.
Vinification and ageing
The varieties are vinified separately. Destemming and crushing of the clusters. Only the Fernanda grapes go through a cold maceration with the skins for a few hours before being pressed. The musts are clarified and they ferment for 10-15 days at a temperature of 18 degrees Celsius. The wines are left on the lees till January/February, the wines are then blended.
Address:Via Sommacampagna, 7 37066 Custoza - Sommacampagna Verona
Owner:Luciano and Franco Piona
Year of establishment:1948
Total annual production:370000
Total vineyard extension (hectares):40
Planted varietals and extension (hectares):40ha Garganega, Fernanda, Trebbianello, Trebbiano, Corvina, Molinara, Rondinella
Vine training system:
Cultivation method in the vineyard:grass is left on the aisles between the rows of vines
Type of viticulture:integrated/sustainable.
Oenologist:Franco and Luciano Piona
Azienda Agricola Cavalchina is located in Custoza, a district of Sommacampagna, province of Verona
The estate was established at the beginning of the 1900s, when the first vineyards were purchased. The cellar was built later and part of it was used as a distillery of grape marc till 1967. In 1962 Cavalchina was the first winery to call the white wine of this area (a blend of Fernanda, Trebbiano and Garganega grapes) “Custoza” and to sell it in Rome and in Milan, the most important markets of the time. Only the grape varietals that are most suited for the area are grown, yields are kept low and only the best clusters go into the wine that is bottled. Modern technology is used in the cellar, but tradition is also respected. The wines produced are: Bianco di Custoza DOC, Bardolino DOC, Bardolino Chiaretto, Bardolino Superiore DOCG.