Vernaccia di S. Gimignano
Wine name:Vernaccia di S. Gimignano
Appellation:VERNACCIA DI S. GIMIGNANO DOCG
Vineyard extension (hectares):15
Vineyard age (year of planting):Vernaccia 2002,1987
Soil Type:Calcarous of Pliocenic origin
Altitude:100-300 meters above sea level
Nose:Floral with broom notes and fruity with green apple notes.
Flavour:Fresh and flavourful
Serving temperature (°C):8-10
Match with:Fish, rice with vegetables, soups
Average no. bottles/year:70,000
Grape yield per hectare tons:8
Vinification and ageing
Soft pressing, fermentation in steel with temperature control (below 20 degrees Celsius), clarification, filtering. Finishing in the bottle for 3 months,
Address:Loc. Santa Maria, 39a 53037 S. Gimignano SI
Year of establishment:1959
Total annual production:150000
Total vineyard extension (hectares):30
Planted varietals and extension (hectares):1ha Chardonnay 1ha Merlot 13ha Sangiovese 15ha Vernaccia
Vine training system:
Cultivation method in the vineyard:50% tilled, 50% grass left between the vines
Type of viticulture:In the conversion phase to certified organic
Harvest period:Mid September - First week of October
Vernaccia di San Gimignano was the first wine in Italy to be awarded the DOC status in 1966, which was then upgraded to DOCG in 1993.
The parents of Franco Troiani, who tragically passed away in June 2014, moved from the Marche to Tuscany in 1959 and purchased the estate. In the 1990s a large part of the vineyards were replanted. The Vernaccia clones were collected, and still are today, from the the oldest vineyard of the property, planted in 1980. Two or three hectares of vineyards are planted each year.
An extremely modern and partially underground cellar was built in 2001. To have modern and sophisticated equipment is particularly important for Vernaccia as this grape has a delicate nature and a very very fragile skin that breaks easily when reaching full ripeness.
Fontaleoni's vineyards lie on a prevalently calcareous soil (originating from the Pliocene Epoch) at the ideal altitude of 200-250 meters above sea level. The vine training systems are guyot and cordon spur, the traditional ones of the area, vineyard density is 4,500 plants/hectare.
Vineyard management is meticulous and carried out entirely by hand and the estate is in the conversion phase to be certified organic.
Fontaleoni is now run by Franco's son and daughter, Matteo, an agronomist, and Simona, who has a degree in languages. The touch of the oenologist Paolo Caciorgna, who consults for Fontaleoni, is evident in the lovely wines.