Wine Detail

Vernaccia di S. Gimignano

Wine name:Vernaccia di S. Gimignano

Appellation:VERNACCIA DI S. GIMIGNANO DOCG

Zone:S. Gimignano (Siena)

Cru:Le Calcinaie

Vineyard extension (hectares):6

Blend:100% Vernaccia

Vineyard age (year of planting):Vernaccia 1987,1999,2009

Soil Type:Sand of Pliocenic origin

Exposure:East, South. Altitude: 250-220 meters above sea level

Colour:Pale straw yellow

Nose: Intense, fine, fruity, green apple, white flowers

Flavour:Fresh, fragrant, quite soft, slightly tasty, easy to drink

Serving temperature (°C):8

Match with:As an aperitif, cold fish hors d'oeuvres

Average no. bottles/year:35,000

Grape yield per hectare tons:8

Vinification and ageing

After cold decanting, the must ferments in steel vats at 16°C for 2-3 weeks, maturing on the lees till the following spring with a few rackings

Wine Producer

LE CALCINAIE

Website:http://www.tenutalecalcinaie.com

Address:Loc. S. Lucia, 36 53037 S. Gimignano SI

Owner:Simone Santini

Year of establishment:1984

Total annual production:70000

Total vineyard extension (hectares):11.8

Planted varietals and extension (hectares):0.3ha Cabernet sauvignon 0.3ha Chardonnay 0.4ha Merlot 4.4ha Sangiovese 5.95ha Vernaccia

Vine training system:
Cordon spur
Guyot

Cultivation method in the vineyard:grass is left on the aisles between the rows of vines

Type of viticulture:certified organic since 1998

Harvest period:beginning of September/Mid October

Agronomist:Simone Santini

Oenologist:Simone Santini

History

Tenuta Le Calcinaie is a beautiful small estate just three kilometres from the town of San Gimignano (in the province of Siena). It is named after the composition of the soil of this zone: in fact layers of limestone, originating from marine deposits of the Pliocene epoch, are found at half a meter underground (“calce” means lime in Italian).
Simone Santini, a wine technician, is the owner: he planted his first hectare with Vernaccia vines, the “Vigna ai Sassi” vineyard, in 1986 and in 1989 he planted 7,000 square meters with red grape varieties. At the time he was also working as a bricklayer. The 1993 vintage of Teodoro, 100% Sangiovese, was the first wine he released (only one barrique was bottled) followed by the 1995 vintage of Vernaccia di San Gimignano. At first Simone contracted vineyards then he gradually bought plots of land. The total vineyard extension is now 12 hectares and the average production is 70,000 bottles/year. Since 1995 viticulture follows the organic protocol, the vineyards are certified organic since 1998 and since 2012 also the wines are certified organic (according to the EU regulation).
At first the wines were vinified and matured in a small cellar, then a new cellar was completed in 2006. It is built underground so that the temperature is kept even. Furthermore, an optimal level of humidity is obtained as the front part is insulated and the back walls are made with reinforced concrete which is permeable and lets the moisture from the ground seep through.
The composition of the soil – layers of limestone topped by layers of clay, sand and fossils – yields mineral, structured and flavourful whites. The delicate skin of the Vernaccia grapes is protected from the sun by the north-eastern exposure of the vineyards. The reds are grown on the higher part of the property and the soils are skeletal and made up of brown clay: this enhances the colour and power in the wines. The altitude of the vineyards is between 200 and 250 meters above sea level.
A Vernaccia di San Gimignano, a Vernaccia di San Gimignano Riserva, a Chianti Colli Senesi, a Chianti Colli Senesi Riserva and three IGT/proprietary wines are made. Two 100% Sangiovese and one 100%  Merlot. “Ingredienti Uva” is a 100 % Sangiovese proprietary wine made without the use of sulphites.

 

 

Awards

2015 vintage: Vinous 89/100

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