Etna Rosso "Calderara Sottana"
Wine name:Etna Rosso "Calderara Sottana"
Appellation:ETNA ROSSO DOC
Zone:Calderara district, Randazzo (province of Catania)
Vineyard extension (hectares):14
Blend:98% Nerello Mascalese 2% Nerello Cappuccio
Vineyard age (year of planting):Nerello Cappuccio 1967,1917 Nerello Mascalese 1963,1967,1917
Soil Type:volcanic, very rocky, not very deep, skeletal
Exposure:The vineyards stand on the northern slope of the Etna Volcano
Altitude:600-650 meters above sea level
Colour:Pale ruby red with mahogany hues
Nose:Intense, rich ripe fruit, spices
Flavour:Structured, full in the mouth and complex with evident, but supple tannins
Serving temperature (°C):18-20
Match with:Meat dishes, seasoned cheese
Average no. bottles/year:14,000
Grape yield per hectare tons:5
First released vintage: 2003. Vine training system: en goblet, modified en goblet. Harvest: first ten days of October
Vinification and ageing
Alcoholic fermentation and maceration with the skins with temperature control (28-30 degrees Celsius). Spontaneous malolactic fermentation. The wine then matures for 16-18 months in French oak barriques, tonneaux alnd large casks (10-30 hectolitres). 20% new wood and for 1 month in steel.
Address:Contrada Calderara - Casella Postale 62 95036 Randazzo CT
Owner:Marco and Sebastian de Grazia
Year of establishment:2002
Total annual production:250000
Total vineyard extension (hectares):30
Planted varietals and extension (hectares):5.5ha Carricante 1ha Nerello Cappuccio 23ha Nerello Mascalese 0.5ha other white berry varietals
Vine training system:
Cultivation method in the vineyard:the aisles (between the rows of vines) are tilled
Type of viticulture:the estate has been in the conversion phase to organic viticulture since 2007. It is officially certified organic starting from the 2010 vintage.
Harvest period:mid October
The estate is located on the northern slopes of the volcano, with vineyards between the village of Solicchiata and the town of Randazzo, the area historically recognized as the finest in the appellation for fine red wines. The property consists of 36 hectares, divided into 15 parcels in five crus, with a total vineyard surface of 30 hectares. Except for 6 hectares recently planted, the vines of the rest are between 50 and 100 years old. The vines of one parcel, having survived phylloxera, have reached the venerable age of 130-140 years old. The soils differ very much from cru to cru, and even within the crus themselves. The same is true of the altitudes, our vineyards ranging between 600 and 1,000 metres above sea level.
Four parcels lie in Calderara Sottana at an elevation of 600-700 metres. By far the rockiest cru in the appellation, in the roughest parts you can’t see the soil for the black volcanic pumice carpeting the vineyards.
Two vineyards lie in Guardiola, between 800 and 900 metres altitude, on very poor soil: volcanic sand mixed with basaltic pebbles and traces of ash.
Two more properties lie in Feudo di Mezzo. Very old vines, also terraced, traditional alberello plantings, very tightly spaced, also worked exclusively by hand. Loose deep volcanic ash roughed up by a good measure of small volcanic pebbles.
Two vineyards lie in Santo Spirito.
A new property has recently been bought in Contrada San Lorenzo.
Besides estate owned vineyards, Terre Nere has long term leases on 4 hectares and buys grapes from small local vignerons who follow organic procedures.
All the wines are produced from local varieties, and all are D.O.C. Etna. Three versions of Etna Bianco are produced. .